When you are trying to conceive, making healthy changes in your lifestyle is really essential. It helps your body ready for the baby and reduces the risk of complications during and after the pregnancy as well.
Here’s what you should do when you start thinking about trying to conceive:
Get a Preconception Checkup
A preconception checkup is nothing but a medical check-up by your Ob-Gyn when you are planning for pregnancy, to make sure you are healthy before you get pregnant. During a preconception checkup, your doctor may question you about health history of your family, surgical and medical history, ongoing medications to evaluate possible risks during pregnancy. It also helps you to get aware of how existing or potential risks may affect your pregnancy and lets you get suggestions from the doctor to ensure a healthy pregnancy.
Pay attention to your diet
What you eat can play a vital role while trying to conceive. Good nutrition helps your body to prepare for the demands of pregnancy. So, boost your nutrient intake by incorporating lots of green leafy vegetables, lean proteins and fiber in your diet. Also, get aware of foods that have to be avoided, as some can hinder your fertility. In addition, make sure to get at least 1000 mg of calcium every day from the natural sources. Start cutting down on your caffeine intake, as it hinders the body’s ability to absorb minerals such as iron, calcium and affects fertility.
Get Prenatal Vitamins
To increase the chances of creating a healthy and nutritious environment in which your baby can develop, your Ob-Gyn suggests you take prenatal vitamins. A prenatal vitamin is a multivitamin which is specially formulated for pregnancy. It’s really important to get enough amounts of folic acid before and during pregnancy. Folic acid helps to prevent birth defects that usually arise during early months of pregnancy.
Stay away from Smokers
Smoking has been linked to infertility in both women and men. Even exposure to secondhand smoke can affect women's fertility and pose risks to a developing baby, including birth defects and low birth weight. It also increases the risk of having an ectopic pregnancy. So, if you smoke, quit and stay away from smokers to avoid getting exposed to secondhand smoke as much as possible.
You need to get some screening tests for certain health conditions that may affect your pregnancy such as Hepatitis B and C, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), HIV and genetic disorders. Your doctor may also suggest you take blood tests to check for immunity to infections such as rubella and chickenpox.
Get your Health Problems Under Control
If you have any health problems that can affect your chances of conceiving or that can make your pregnancy more risky like diabetes and high blood pressure, it is important to get those under control. Since overweight has been also linked to pregnancy complications, talk to your doctor about how to maintain a healthy weight if you are carrying extra pounds.