Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) is the most common reproductive endocrine disease among women of reproductive years. It is a hormonal imbalance which can affect a woman’s ability to get pregnant. PCOD counseling helps each woman to get a tailored plan of treatment based on the signs and symptoms of their condition. Women with PCOD commonly have one or more signs. Some of the most common signs are as follows:
- Irregular or no menstrual periods
- Weight gain
- Facial hair growth
- Infertility due to irregular periods or lack of ovulation.
- Hair thinning
- Skin tags under the armpits or neck area
- High blood pressure
Causes of PCOD:
There is no exact cause of PCOD, but the doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play an important role. PCOD is most commonly seen in women who have their mother or sister with the same condition. Other major factors which contribute to develop PCOD are:
- Excess production of androgen (which is a male sex hormone that is produced even in women’s body)
- Excess insulin production which causes to produce high levels of androgen.
How PCOD is diagnosed?
PCOD can be diagnosed by reviewing the medical history and existing symptoms of the woman. A physical and pelvic examination is taken to look for the signs of PCOD, such as swollen ovaries or a swollen clitoris. PCOD can be diagnosed by some blood tests which measures levels of hormones,
- Thyroid function tests
- Fasting glucose tests
- Lipid level tests
Treatment of PCOD:
PCOD is non curative. The treatment for PCOD helps to control the symptoms and managing the condition to prevent complications. The treatment will vary from woman to woman, depending on the symptoms. With the help of PCOD counseling, one can get the treatment from their doctors according to the reason behind the condition. Based on the symptoms and cause of PCOD, a doctor may suggest
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle to the woman who are overweight which helps to regulate their menstrual cycles and lower the blood glucose levels.
- Take birth control pills for women who don’t want become pregnant, which can regulate menstrual cycles and lower the levels of male hormones such as testosterone.
- Use fertility drugs which help in ovulation, especially to women with PCOD who suffers from infertility.
- Take anti-androgens drugs which help to stop excess facial hair growth and reduce acne.
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