Prolapse refers to a descending or drooping of organs. Pelvic organ prolapse refers to the drooping of any of the pelvic floor organs, including:
- Small bowel
These organs are said to prolapse if they descend into or outside of the vaginal canal or anus. A Pelvic organ prolapse is discovered during a routine pelvic exam. Pelvic organ prolapse can be diagnosed by a variety of tests which includes:
- Urinary tract X-ray
- CT scan of the pelvis
- Ultrasound of the pelvis
- MRI scan of the pelvis
What causes Pelvic organ Prolapse?
A Pelvic organ prolapse is caused by the increased pressure in the abdomen. Some of the common causes are as follows:
- Pregnancy, labor and childbirth
- Chronic respiratory problems such as long term cough
- Pelvic organ cancers
- Surgical removal of uterus
In some women, the connective tissues may be weaker which place them at higher risk of Pelvic organ prolapse.
How a pelvic organ prolapse is treated?
A Pelvic organ prolapse is treated based on the severity of the symptoms. The treatment can include a variety of therapies including:
- Behavioral treatments, such as exercises designed to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
- Mechanical treatments such as inserting a small plastic device called a pessary into the vagina to provide support for the drooping organs.
- Surgical treatment, either to repair the affected tissue or organ to remove the organ such as hysterectomy.
Click here to get expert advise from leading gynecologist in hyderabad.