The pelvis is the lowest part of a woman’s abdomen. Organs in the pelvis include bowel, bladder, womb and ovaries. Pelvic pain generally means pain that starts from one of these organs. In some cases the pain comes from pelvic bones that lie next to these organs, or from nearby muscles, nerves, blood vessels or joints.
Depending on the source, pelvic pain can be best described as
- Beginning suddenly
- Different from usual menstrual cramps
- Dull or achy
- Itching or burning around genitals, buttocks or inner thighs
- Sharp or crampy
- It can be mild or moderate or severe.
Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate to your lower back, buttocks or thighs. In some cases, women might suffer from pelvic pain only at certain times such as when they urinate or during sexual activity.
Causes of Pelvic Pain:
Pelvic pain can be acute or chronic. Acute means that it is the first time you have had this type of pain. Chronic means that pain has been a problem for a long time i.e. more than six months. Some of the important causes of pelvic pain include:
- Menstrual cramps
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Ovarian cancer
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Uterine fibroids
Treatment for Pelvic Pain:
The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. The treatment for Pelvic pain is based on the cause behind it. If the cause of Pelvic pain is not identified, treatment will focus on managing the pain and other symptoms. The optimal approach involves a combination of treatments, which may include:
- Pain relievers
- Hormone treatments
- Physical therapy
- Trigger point injections
- Laparoscopic surgery
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