Perimenopause is the stage of transition in a woman’s reproductive life that begins, on average, 4 to 5 years before menopause. During Perimenopause, a woman’s ovaries gradually produce less estrogen, causing follicle-stimulating hormones; which are responsible for growing and developing eggs to rise and menstrual cycles to shorten. Eventually, a woman begins to miss periods. When a woman misses her period for 12 months, then her Perimenopause ends and menopause starts.
Symptoms of Perimenopause:
Most of the women don’t experience any symptoms but some women notice some common symptoms during their Perimenopause which include:
- Hot flashes
- Mood swings
- Vaginal dryness
- Irregular periods
Lifestyle changes to be made during perimenopause:
During Perimenopause, most of the women experience many changes due to poor estrogen production and they have higher risk of certain medical conditions such as osteoporosis, gout, diabetes, joint pains and hepatitis c. In order to protect themselves from certain diseases, women need to make some lifestyle changes during their Perimenopause. Some of the important lifestyle changes which prevent diseases during Perimenopause are as follows:
- Maintain a healthy diet which is high in fibre
- Regular exercise and physical activity
- Keep a consistent sleep schedule
- Try stress reduction techniques such as meditation and yoga.
Every woman during her Perimenopause need to take regular health checkups and bone density tests for the early detection of possible health problems and helps the doctors to treat the conditions.
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