Five main types of cancer affect a woman’s reproductive organs:
Most cervical cancers begin in the cells lining the cervix. All women should begin cervical cancer testing (screening) at age 21 even if a woman is already sexually active. Women aged 21 to 29, should have a Pap test every 3 years.Beginning at age 30, the preferred way to screen is with a Pap test combined with an HPV test every 5 years, or to get tested every 3 years with just the Pap test. Up until the age of 65
The HPV vaccine is recommended for preteen girls at age 11 or 12 so they are protected before ever being exposed to the virus. HPV vaccine also produces a more robust immune response during the preteen years. The HPV vaccine is given in 3 shots. The second shot is given 1 or 2 months after the first shot. Then a third shot is given 6 months after the first shot.
Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found only in females (women). There are several ways you can reduce your risk of developing ovarian cancer by Breast Feeding, Using oral contraceptives (birth control) pills. Both tubal ligation and hysterectomy may reduce the chance of developing ovarian cancer.Genetic counseling can predict whether you are likely to have one of the gene mutations associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. If your family history suggests that you might have one of these gene mutations, you might consider genetic testing. Detection is by pelvic examination, trans vaginal ultrsound and CA-125.
Endometrial / Uterine Cancer:
Endometrial cancer is a cancer that starts in the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus (womb). Irregular cycles and post menopausal bleeding are main complaints. Detection is by ultrsound pelvis and by endometrial biopsy.
The vagina is sometimes called the birth canal. The vagina goes from the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) to open up at the vulva (the external genitals).
The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals. A rare kind of gynecological cancer.
Fallopian Tube Cancer (Extremely):
Tumor develops from cells inside the fallopian tubes. Cancer of the fallopian tubes is very rare.
You can lower your risk of breast cancer by undergoing routine examination so that it can be found at an early, more treatable stage. The physical examination and mammogram are the main test recommended. You are at increased risk for breast cancer if you have a strong family history of breast cancer.
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