Urinary incontinence in general terms is referred as the loss of bladder control. Urinary incontinence is a common and often embarrassing problem in women. Urinary incontinence is often a result of an underlying medical condition. There are four main types of incontinence, they are as follows:
- Urge incontinence – due to an overactive bladder
- Stress incontinence – due to poor closure of the bladder
- Overflow incontinence – due to either poor bladder contraction or blockage of the urethra
- Functional incontinence – due to medications or health problems making it difficult to reach the bathroom.
Causes of Urinary Incontinence:
Urinary incontinence is not a disease, it is a symptom. It can be caused due to underlying medical problems or physical problems and everyday habits. Certain drinks, foods and medications can stimulate the bladder and increase the volume of urine. They are:
- Carbonated drinks
- Artificial sweeteners
- Foods that are high in sugar, spices and acidic in nature
- Heart and blood pressure medications
- Large doses of vitamin B or C
Urinary incontinence may also be caused by easily treatable medical conditions, such as Urinary Tract Infection and constipation. Urinary incontinence can also be a persistent condition caused by other physical changes including:
- Changes with age
- Prostate cancer
- Neurological disorders
How Urinary Incontinence is treated?
Urinary incontinence can be treated with the help of some behavioural techniques, medications, therapies and surgeries based on the severity of the condition. Some of the treatments by which Urinary incontinence can be treated are as follows:
- Bladder training
- Fluid and diet management
- Pelvic floor muscles exercises
- Sling procedures
- Prolapse surgery
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